Halogenated Tyrosine Derivatives from the Tropical Eastern Pacific Zoantharians Antipathozoanthus hickmani and Parazoanthus darwini

Guillen, Paul O.; Jaramillo, Karla B.; Jennings, Laurence; Genta-Jouve, Gregory; de la Cruz, Mercedes; Cautain, Bastien; Reyes, Fernando; Rodriguez, Jenny; Thomas, Olivier P.

VL / 82 - BP / 1354 - EP / 1360
In the search for bioactive marine natural products from zoantharians of the Tropical Eastern Pacific, four new tyrosine dipeptides, named valdiviamides A-D (1-4), were isolated from Antipathozoanthus hickmani, and two new tyramine derivatives, 5 and 6, from Parazoanthus darwini. The phenols of all six tyrosine derivatives are substituted by bromine and/or iodine atoms at the ortho positions of the hydroxyl. The planar structures of these aromatic alkaloids were elucidated from 1D and 2D NMR experiments in combination with HRESIMS data, and the absolute configurations of 1-4 were deduced from comparison between experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism spectra. As halogenated tyrosine derivatives could represent chemotaxonomic markers of these genera, we decided to undertake the first chemical investigation of another species, Terrazoanthus cf. patagonichus. As expected, no halogenated metabolite was evidenced in the species, but we report herein the identification of two new zoanthoxanthin derivatives, named zoamides E (7) and F (8), from this species. Antimicrobial and cytotoxicity bioassays revealed that valdiviamide B (2) displayed moderate cytotoxicity against the HepG2 cell line with an IC50 value of 7.8 mu M.

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