Role of Vitamin D in the Metabolic Syndrome

Melguizo-Rodriguez, Lucia; Costela-Ruiz, Victor J.; Garcia-Recio, Enrique; De Luna-Bertos, Elvira; Ruiz, Concepcion; Illescas-Montes, Rebeca

Publicación: NUTRIENTS
VL / 13 - BP / - EP /
The prevalence of hypovitaminosis D has risen in developed countries over the past few years in association with lifestyle changes and an increase in unhealthy habits. Vitamin D deficiency has been implicated in various diseases, including metabolic syndrome (MetS), which is clinically defined by a set of metabolic and vascular disorders. The objective of this study was to review scientific evidence on the relationship between MetS and vitamin D deficiency to support the development of prevention strategies and health education programs. An inverse relationship has been reported between plasma vitamin D concentrations and the features that define MetS, i.e., elevated serum concentrations of glucose, total cholesterol, low-density lipoproteins, triglycerides, glycosylated hemoglobin, and a high body mass index. Numerous studies have described the benefits of vitamin D supplementation to improve outcomes in individuals with MetS. Interventions to maintain optimal vitamin D concentrations are proposed as a preventive strategy against MetS.

Access level

Green published, Gold