Higher-order simplicial synchronization of coupled topological signals

Ghorbanchian, Reza; Restrepo, Juan G.; Torres, Joaquin J.; Bianconi, Ginestra

VL / 4 - BP / - EP /
Synchronization phenomena, where coupled oscillators coordinate their behavior, are ubiquitous in physics, biology, and neuroscience. In this work the authors investigate a framework of coupled topological signals where oscillators are defined both on the nodes and the links of a network, showing that this leads to new topologically induced explosive transitions. Simplicial complexes capture the underlying network topology and geometry of complex systems ranging from the brain to social networks. Here we show that algebraic topology is a fundamental tool to capture the higher-order dynamics of simplicial complexes. In particular we consider topological signals, i.e., dynamical signals defined on simplices of different dimension, here taken to be nodes and links for simplicity. We show that coupling between signals defined on nodes and links leads to explosive topological synchronization in which phases defined on nodes synchronize simultaneously to phases defined on links at a discontinuous phase transition. We study the model on real connectomes and on simplicial complexes and network models. Finally, we provide a comprehensive theoretical approach that captures this transition on fully connected networks and on random networks treated within the annealed approximation, establishing the conditions for observing a closed hysteresis loop in the large network limit.
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Access level

Gold DOAJ, Green published